Physicist Stephen Hawking, who died on Wednesday morning at the age of 76, was the most famous British scientist of the present times, a genius who dedicated his life to discovering the secrets of the universe, according to Mediafax
The physician died quietly in his home in Cambridge on Wednesday morning
"We are deeply saddened by the death of our beloved father today," Lucy, Robert, and Tim, the children of the late physicist, sent
"He was a great scholar and an extraordinary man whose activity and inheritance will last for many years," says Stephen Hawking's release.
The family praised the "courage and indulgence" of the physicist, adding that his "intelligence and humor" inspired people from all over the world
Born on January 8, 1942 - 300 years after the death of the father of modern science, Galileo Galilei, Stephen Hawking was firmly convinced that this field was his destiny
But fate played Hawking's raw feast. Having suffered from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also called Lou Gehrig's disease), a paralyzing illness with which he was diagnosed when he was 21 years old, Stephen Hawking was, for over 50 years, immobilized in a wheelchair and communicating with using a computer and a voice synthesizer.
Patients diagnosed with the disease suffered by Stephen Hawking live on average three years, only 10% of them surviving for more than 10 years. However, the famous physicist has managed to exceed the hopes of doctors.
The professor urged all people with physical disabilities to focus on what they can do and not regret what they can not do.
"I'm often asked, how many times do you think you suffer from SLA?" He once wrote. "The answer is: not too often. I try to live as normally as possible and not to think about my illness or to regret the things I could not do that are not too many, "he wrote.
But Stephen William Hawking was far from normal, being brilliant. He was fascinated by the nature of the universe, the way it was formed, and how it might end.
"My purpose is simple," he wrote. "It is the complete understanding of the Universe, why it is as it is and why it exists," the physicist explained.
Much of his scientific work has centered on the unification of the theory of relativity - the nature of space and time - and the quantum - the way the smallest particles in the Universe behave - to explain the creation of the universe and the principles that govern it.
Life on Earth in Danger
In 1974, Stephen Hawking became the youngest member of Britain's most prestigious scientific association, The Royal Society, at the age of 32.
In 1979, he was appointed Chief of Mathematics at Cambridge University, where he moved from Oxford University to study astronomy and theoretical cosmology
In the 17th century, this post was held by Isaac Newton.
Hawking eventually tested Newton's gravitational theories in 2007 when, at the age of 65, he took part in an impassable plane race in the US part of his preparations for a desired suborbital journey
At that moment, the physicist said he wanted to demonstrate that physical disability is not an impediment to doing things and to encourage the interest in space that he believed to be the destiny of humanity.
"I think the human race has no future if it does not reach space," he said.
"I think life on Earth is at a rising risk of being destroyed by a disaster such as global warming, nuclear warfare, a genetically modified virus and other dangers," he said.
"The chances of a planetary catastrophe occurring this year are small, but the risk is on an increasing trajectory. There is no doubt that these things will happen over a thousand or ten thousand years, "said the British researcher a few years ago.
Humanity could find its salvation in the space conquest, Professor Hawking said, according to which mankind would need another century before it could build a series of human colonies in space. Until then, people should "remain very cautious at this time."
"We will not stop making progress, so we should recognize dangers and learn to control them. I am an optimist and I think we can do that, "said Stephen Hawking.
More recently, Hawking said artificial intelligence could help eradicate disease and poverty, but warned of potential dangers. "In short, success in creating artificial intelligence could be the biggest event in our civilization history. In addition to benefits, artificial intelligence could bring dangers such as powerful autonomous weapons or new ways for a small group to subdue the many, "said Hawking in 2016 at the inauguration of a Cambridge University Research Center.
REFER TO: How Dangerous is Artificial Intelligence? Why Bill Gates, Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk are afraid of the technology that big companies invest massively
In 2015, the famous scientist said that if artificial intelligence would not conquer mankind, then this would be accomplished by an advanced alien civilization
"If aliens visit us, then the result will be the same as when Columbus arrived in America, and this was not beneficial to American Indians," Professor Hawking said.
"Such advanced civilizations may be most nomadic, seeking to conquer and colonize any planets they will find," said Stephen Hawking to the Spanish daily El Pais
The British professor collaborates on a large-scale scientific project aimed at seeking extraterrestrial life with the help of two of the world's most powerful telescopes. Telescopes analyze one million of Terra's closest stars, hoping to find signals or traces left in space by intelligent forms of life coming from other planets.
The scientists involved in this $ 100 million project also investigate the center of our Milky Way galaxy, along with the centers of the nearest 100 galaxies, looking for radio waves that could be emitted by extraterrestrial civilizations.
Pop and Politics
Hawking's genius brought him the world's celebrity, being known as a brilliant communicator dedicated to popularizing science.
The volume "Short History of Time", one of the most successful books in the scientific literature, launched in 1988, attempted to explain to the broad population the fundamental theories of the universe
It was followed in 2001 by "The Universe in a Nutshell."
In 2007, Hawking published a children's book, George and George's Secret Key to the Universe, along with Lucy, his daughter, trying to explain how the Solar System works, asteroids, black holes, and other heavenly bodies.
His book, The Grand Design, launched in 2010, caused a huge scandal among religious leaders, as Hawking maintained in this volume that no divine force is needed to explain the appearance of the universe
Hawking has also entered popular culture with special appearances in productions such as Star Trek: The Next Generation, The Simpsons, and his voice was included in Pink Floyd's
In addition to scientific debates, Hawking has publicly expressed his views on politics. Thus, before the Brexit referendum of 2016, he warned British political leaders about the dangers of leaving the European Union: "The days were taken when we could confront one's own world."
Taked every minute
Hawking married Jane Wilde in 1965, the couple having three children. The couple broke up after 25 years, and Hawking married his former nurse, Elaine Mason, but the marriage broke down against a charge of abuse denied by a physicist
The story of love between Hawking and Wilde was transposed into the film released in 2014, "The Theory of Everything," which brought British actor Eddie Redmayne the Academy Award for Physical Performance
The success was celebrated by Hawking, who would have said that there were times when he was watching the film and had the feeling that he was looking at himself
Also, the physicist was the subject of a documentary released in 2013, "Hawking," in which he expressed his views on life: "Because every day may be the last one, I want to take every minute."
The physician was a fierce supporter of the right of man to die, and said he would choose assisted suicide if he suffered great pain or would become a burden to his loved ones
Hawking, who made these statements in an interview with TV creator Dara O'Briain in 2015, said the violation of the right to die in the case of extremely sick people is "the biggest form of denial."
However, the physicist emphasized that he had no intention of slowing the pace of his plans, adding: "To be damn if I die before I discover more of the mysteries of the universe."
In the same interview, the physicist, who was suffering from shyness, also said that because of his illness he sometimes felt isolated but also sad because he could not play with his children
In another interview in 2013, Hawking said that although he supports assisted suicide, he believes that legislation to prevent abuses has to be set up.
Stephen Hawking was named British Commander of the British Empire in 1982 and was a member of the Academy of American Sciences.