Wi-Fi Alliance announced the official debut of the WPA3 standard, the most important Wi-Fi security update, since 2003
The new standard promises to address many of the vulnerabilities used over the years to compromise wireless networks, enhanced encryption technologies protecting both external and internal attacks, blocking data interception from other locally connected devices.
Like WPA2, the new WPA3 standard has two implementations: WPA3-Personal and WPA3-Enterprise
The first one is intended for ordinary consumers and allows for password authentication, but the mechanism is strengthened by implementing a protocol called Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE) designed to reduce the chances of guessing passwords using brute-force attacks. The encryption of the connection is ensured using the AES (Advanced Encription Standard) protocol.
WPA3-Enterprise increases security by applying "equivalent" security technologies to a 192-bit encryption algorithm
Simultaneously, Wi-Fi Alliance also announced a new protocol designed to simplify the connection of IoT devices (Internet of Things) with limited possibilities for direct configuration (eg devices that do not have a screen or keyboard). These can be set automatically to connect by simply scanning a QR code in a mobile application.
Unfortunately, to benefit from the new WPA3 security standard, it is necessary to use equipment that explicitly supports this technology. Wi-Fi Alliance, the first WPA3-compliant network routers will be available next year. But the slow pace of network equipment replacement shows that it may take up to 10 years for WPA3-protected Wi-Fi networks to replace them with the current ones